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Cartwright Fitness

A man performing a vertical jump test on a mat under the guidance of a woman operating a monitoring device connected with wires, in an indoor setting.

Vertical Jump Test Normative Data

Table of Contents

Vertical Jumping – a fascinating display of human athletic prowess, standing long jump also remains a fundamental metric in evaluating an individual’s explosive power and anaerobic capabilities. From professional high school athletes and in high-profile sports such as basketball and volleyball to law enforcement officers and soldiers, the ability to jump high, and do so quickly, often makes a crucial difference. As such, vertical jump testing has emerged as a widely utilized and highly relevant tool in the world of sports science and fitness assessment. It’s a measure that provides an in-depth look into the functionality of the muscular system and the neuromuscular coordination in performing tall, dynamic and explosive actions. This post will focus on vertical jump test normative data, discussing the broad jump norms and averages experts have gathered from a wide demographic range over time.

Ascertaining and understanding standing broad jump normative data provides a crucial reference point for identifying athletic potential, tracking improvements, and designing customized training regimens. It offers an objective standard against which athletes and trainers can measure performance. Therefore, the vertical and standing broad jump, normative data is not just a collection of table of numbers but a valuable pool of insights reflecting the explosive power of different individuals across age, gender, sport, weight, and level of training. This knowledge can support trainers and athletes alike to set realistic targets, monitor progress, and develop strategies for enhancing vertical and broad jump average by age same gender, and height.

However, interpreting vertical jump test normative data requires a nuanced understanding, not just of the data itself, but also of the factors that influence it. Such factors may include age, individual body composition, age, resistance training, age, genetics, age, training background, age, and technique used during the test. An accurate interpretation of these normative values will thus allow us to optimize the value derived from vertical jump tests. In this post, we will delve into the specifics of vertical jump test age normative data to provide a comprehensive understanding of what these numbers mean, how they’re obtained, and how to utilize them for performance enhancement effectively. With a firm grasp of this data, individuals and trainers can work together to unlock new levels of athletic potential.

Instructors and coaches use the Vertical Jump Test to measure growth in an athlete’s jumping height from a stationary standing position. An athlete takes a first jump test to establish a benchmark, and from that point then on, the higher jump test is taken periodically (weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly) to track improvement and growth. The type of jump performed in the Vertical Jump Test is often called a “sergeant jump”.

Why Take This Test?

In sports such as basketball, volleyball, table tennis, football and many others, having an effective average vertical jump is indispensable to being successful. There are exercises that athletes can do to improve their average vertical leap (more about this a bit later), but before any training program can begin, it’s necessary to know where an athlete max vertical height percentile and jumping move is. In other words, you need a proven way to accurately measure, record and assess an athlete’s Vertical Jump Test Normative Data.

How To Test Vertical Jump and vertical jump test protocol

Gathering normative data for a vertical jump test is a straightforward process. All you need is a wall, a tape measure and some chalk. To perform the test, the athlete being tested needs to apply the chalk to his or her fingers. Then, standing with their shoulder close to and facing the wall (right shoulder for right-handed athletes, left shoulder for lefties), they reach their arms up and touch the wall with their chalked fingertips. Their feet do not leave the ground. The mark they make on the wall is to be denoted as M1. Next, from a stationary position, the athlete bends down at the knees and jumps with their hand extended to once standing reach their arms up and again mark the wall. This second mark is denoted as M2. The result you are looking for is obtained by measuring the distance between M1 and M2. In other words, the distance between the two marks is measured the height percentile the athlete’s vertical jump. An alternative way to measure the jump higher is to use a vertical jump test mat such as the Probotics Just jump mat or Takei Vertical Jump Test Mat; these give immediate and accurate results for a range of measurement parameters beyond vertical jump height.

Vertical Jump Test Norms Data

AgeMaleFemaleAgeMaleFemaleAgeMaleFemale
1036.132.83054.838.05044.329.4
1139.436.23154.737.45143.528.9
1242.039.73253.337.45242.528.9
1348.241.33353.237.05342.527.9
1453.342.23453.236.35442.027.9
1556.943.23552.835.85541.527.5
1657.743.53652.135.85640.927.5
1759.843.83750.634.95739.727.0
1859.842.93850.634.95839.225.7
1959.041.73950.734.75938.324.7
2058.841.24050.234.46036.223.7
2158.541.24149.733.86134.923.6
2258.141.04247.733.86233.723.2
2357.340.34348.033.86332.223.3
2457.340.04447.632.46431.623.2
2556.839.74547.431.96531.623.2
2655.739.44646.531.66630.422.3
2755.739.44744.931.76730.021.4
2854.939.34845.231.56829.721.7
2954.838.4494.830.16929.421.4
      7029.421.4

What is the average vertical jump height?

The average vertical jump height is determined by a number of different factors, including muscle strength and flexibility, as well as overall body fitness. Generally speaking, the average vertical jump for adults both adult men, all years old both males and females, young age males and females and women tends to be around 20-30 inches tall. This average vertical jump height does vary based on individual physiology and training level. Some people may have a naturally higher vertical jump due to their physique or genetics, but with proper training and dedication, it is possible for anyone to increase their average vertical jump height. A few ways to improve your athletic abilities and performance, are to work on strength and flexibility in order to maximize your average vertical jump height.

How To Improve Your Vertical Jump

If you are trying to improve your vertical leap, the best way to do so and see real increases in your jump test results in a short time is through plyometric exercises. Otherwise known as “jump training” exercises, plyometrics concentrate on increasing power, speed, and muscular strength, by using specific muscles to exert a maximum amount of force in a very short interval of time. Simply put, adding plyometric exercises to training sessions helps athletes achieve that “explosiveness” muscular strength that is necessary to have the best score with a high and average vertical jump and long jump show. Here is one specific plyometric exercise that can help athletes improve their results in the Vertical Jump Test.

jump height

Drop Vertical Jump Test

For this exercise, you need a park bench or another raised platform of comparable height (anywhere from 30 cm to 80cm depending on the height percentile an athlete’s current jumping ability). The general idea is to start on the platform and drop down (without jumping) to the floor. This is immediately followed by jumping right back up to the starting line on the platform. Dropping down from the platform effectively pre-stretches the leg muscles in what is known as the “eccentric phase”. Forcibly thrusting oneself back onto the platform without stopping or re-adjusting footing is the second “concentric contraction phase”. For this strenuous form of exercise to be effective, the time the feet and legs are on the ground after dropping down has to be kept to a minimum (less than 0.25 seconds). If an athlete needs to shorten the height of their platform jump higher as to achieve this minimal contact of their feet and legs with hard surface of the ground, then they should do so. The athlete should be landing on the balls of his or her feet without having their heels touch the ground. If they are touching their heels to the ground to absorb impact from the drop, then this also indicates that the box height needs to be shortened.

Box Jump Height Standards

The height of the plyometrics box will vary depending on your jumping ability specific gender and age. So what is a good what is a good vertical jump heght? Younger athletes, males and females might need to go as low as 12 inches-18 inches, while the top males and females and those with a 36”+ vertical might want more than twenty inches to 30″.

Re-Testing the Vertical Jump Following Plyometric Training

It must be stressed that drop jumps, like all plyometric exercises, are very high impact. For this reason, it is strongly advised that the athlete rests for three days between doing them. Additionally, each set of drop jumps during a training session should not exceed eight repetitions per set. Nonetheless, with properly guided plyometric training athletes will start to see a noticeable improvement in their standing vertical jump in test. Every time they take this test, the difference between good score of average of their own average height M1 mark and average of their own average height M2 mark should be greater. This not only gives an athlete greater confidence heading out onto the field or the court but also reassures them that their targeted training exercises are yielding the desired results

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